Roti, Chapati (Flat Indian Bread)

March 21st, 2007 filed under Breads
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Roti also known as Chapati or Fulka, is Indian flat bread made with whole wheat flour. In North India, roti is part of the main meal. Roti is served with a variety of cooked vegetables, lentils, and yogurt.

Makes 4 Rotis.

Roti (Chapati) Recipe by ManjulaIngredients:

  • 1/2 cup whole-wheat flour
  • 1/8 teaspoon salt
  • 1/4 cup lukewarm water (Use as needed)

Also needed

  • 2 teaspoons ghee (clear butter)
  • 1/4 cup whole-wheat flour for rolling


  1. Mix flour, salt, and water to make soft dough, adding water as needed. Knead the dough for about one minute on a lightly greased surface to make it smooth and pliable. Cover the dough with a damp cloth and set aside at least ten minutes.
  2. Divide the dough into four equal parts. Make smooth balls and press flat.
  3. Before  rolling the roti press both sides of the ball on a dry floured surface to make them easy to roll.
  4. Roll to form a six-inch-diameter circle. Use just enough dry flour to roll the roti, as too much flour will make them dry. If the dough sticks to the rolling pin or rolling surface, lightly dust the rotis with dry flour.
  5. Heat an iron or heavy skillet on medium high heat. To test, sprinkle a few drops of water on the skillet. If the water sizzles right away, the skillet is ready.
  6. Place the one roti into the skillet. When the roti start to change color and start puffing flip it over. There will be some golden brown spots.
  7. Flip again after a few seconds. Using a flat spatula, press lightly on the puffed parts of the roti. This will help the roti puff up. Flip the roti again, until it has light golden-brown spots on both sides.
  8. Repeat the same process for remaining roties. Butter the roti, the side that is facing the skillet.
  9. Place the rotis in a container lined with a paper towel. Cover the container after each roti.
  10. Roti can be kept outside for up to 2 days wrapped in aluminum foil or in a closed container. For later use, roti can be refrigerated for 5-6 days. Re-heat in a skillet.

If you enjoyed the recipe for Roti, Chapati (Flat Indian Bread), here are more great recipes you should try from Manjula's Kitchen.

266 Responses to “Roti, Chapati (Flat Indian Bread)”

  1. Nicole says:

    I just came across this and followed your instructions to make the perfect chapati! I used Golden Temple whole wheat atta flour and they came out almost exactly like my Indian mom would make back in Udaipur. Thank you for posting!

  2. […] I hosted a dinner on Saturday and tried my hand at making fresh roti. […]

  3. Zesti says:

    I really love watching and learning from you Manjula. You have taught me many new ways to prepare foods which are of a completely different culture than mine. I would love to see your family actually eat the foods you prepare, so I know how to serve it correctly.

    I have only had authentic Indian food once before. When I lived in Ontario Canada. There was a small Indian Takeout Restaurant, I would order a stuffed Roti? It was amazing! This was a super spicy thick curry stew, of eggplant, potato, squash, onion, chickpeas all wrapped up in a fresh made Roti, served good and hot. I was hoping maybe you could tell me what this is called in your country, and if you have a recipe like this to share with us? Maybe it wasn’t authentic, I don’t really know? I just know it was absolutely delicious, and would love to have it again.

    Today I am trying making your recipe for Chapati , and I’m going to make your Chole Palak as well. Thank you for all your easy to follow videos. I look forward to trying many of them!

  4. Paul says:

    Dear Manjula

    I love your website,i am learning to cook with you!

    I try to make roti with whole wheat flour but my flour is very dry,i need to add oil to make it smooth.

    And it doesn´t puff up like yours.

    What am i doing wrong? do you use a special flour? or my flour is bad?

    thank you!!

  5. […] for the full recipe and instructions? Click here to access the page on Manjula’s […]

  6. [...] American woman who came regularly to his market. One day I asked him which flour was used to make chapati and he asked me “How do you know how to make chapati?”. I told him about Karan and how [...]

  7. Shanu says:

    Hi aunty,
    which brand of whole wheat flour do you use?As my flour makes rubber kind of rotis.

  8. [...] as a little present. This way I can accompany my recipes with roti bread. Since I never made it, Manjula’s Kitchen provided instructions on how to bake the rotis. Nothing can go wrong if you have Manjula on your [...]

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